Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne, CH, PC, QC is a British politician who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005.
Michael was educated at Llanelli Grammar School and later read law at Peterhouse, Cambridge and following a successful career at the Bar became a QC in 1982.
His Parliamentary career began in 1983 as Member for Folkestone and Hythe. Howard rose through the ranks to become Employment, then Environment Secretary and finally Home Secretary under John Major’s premiership. He introduced both the poll tax and its replacement, the council tax. Following John Major’s resignation in 1997 he campaigned for leadership but was unsuccessful.
He served as Shadow Foreign Secretary for two years standing down in 1999. In 2001 he returned as Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer until 2003 when he became Leader of the Conservative Party until 2005. Michael retired at the 2010 general election after more than a quarter of a century in Parliament.