Fight for a Throne. The Jacobite ’45 Reconsidered
The bid of Bonnie Prince Charlie and his Jacobites for the throne of Britain has never lost its grip on the popular imagination. In July 1745 he and a tiny group of companions arrived in Scotland. They came unannounced and unsupported, and yet within less than five months Charles was able to lead an army to within marching distance of London and make King George II fear for this throne. Afterwards the Highland Army continued to out-fight the redcoats in every encounter, except its very last. These were not the achievements of a backward-looking cause, and this ground-breaking study is the first to explain exactly why. Almost to the very end the Jacobites had the literal and metaphorical edge over their enemies, thanks to the terror-inspiring highland charge, and also, as this book as this book is the first to reveal, to the highly-advanced organisation of their forces in divisions miniature armies that allowed them to out-manoeuvre their enemies on the strategic plane. At the same time Prince Charles made a credible bid for the political and ideological high ground, an appeal based on religious toleration, and a monarchy working in cooperation with an empowered and accountable Parliament. The Prince therefore not only drew on traditional loyalties, but attracted the support of heavyweights of the new Enlightenment . It all made a telling contrast to the demeaning nature of the Hanoverian government in Britain, which was mired deep in corruption. The Hanoverian politicians in London and Scotland, who had honed their skills in petty advantage, were now all of a sudden called upon to act as strategists, and they failed completely. The prime minister lost the Carlisle to the Jacobites simply because he refused to pay the cost of a courier. These revelations, which show the Jacobite enterprise of 1745 as a potent and modernising force, turn the accepted interpretation of this episode on its head. As an impartial historian Christopher Duffy deals comprehensively with the reasons for ultimate triumph of the Hanoverian cause in 1746. Due credit is given to the Duke of Cumberland. He was an inspirational leader. He had the measure of the strength and weaknesses of the British Army, and he evolved the cautious and systematic kind of war that helped to bring him victory at Culloden on 16 April 1746. Conversely the Jacobites had been dogged even from the start of the Rising by their failure to reconcile two perspectives that of Prince Charles, who was striving to reclaim the crown for the Stuarts in London, and the narrower visions of the more overtly Scottish party. It led to the contentious turn-around of the Jacobites at Derby, and finally and fatally to the dispersal and exhaustion of the Highland Army before Culloden. These assertions rest on the recent advances by other historians in Jacobite studies , and the author s continuing researches in to unexploited primary sources. His documentary finds extend to the autobiography of Lieutenant-General Hawley, Lord George Murray s explanations of key episodes of the Rising (and his detailed accompanying map of Culloden), the material collected by the restored Whig administration in Edinburgh towards an official history of the Rising, the Reverend John Home s detailed questioning of survivors, and much more. Lastly Duffy returns to his starting point, the enduring appeal of the 45 to our instincts. He concludes that it comes from the elusive nature of the episode, recognised by tough-minded men of the time as something epick and miraculous literally beyond rational explanation, and capable ever since of being re-fashioned according to our imaginings. Contains c 120 colour & b/w photos, maps.
Publication date: 15th September 2015
Buy here: http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/1910777056
FREDERICK THE GREAT: A MILITARY LIFE
PUBLICATION DATE: August 1995
SIEGE WARFARE: THE FORTRESS IN THE EARLY MODERN WORLD, 1494-1660 (Volume I) – Buy it here.
This classic text is the first integrated survey of the phenomenon of siege warfare during its most creative period. Duffy demonstrates the implications of the fortress for questions of military organization, strategy, geography, law, architectural values, town life and symbolism and imagination. The book is well illustrated, and will be a valuable companion for enthusiasts of military and architectural history, as well as the general medievalist.
PUBLICATION DATE: 3rd May 1979
SIEGE WARFARE: THE FORTRESS IN THE AGE OF VAUBAN AND FREDERICK THE GREAT, 1660-1789 (Volume II) – Buy it here.
The second in Duffy’s two-volume treatment of siege warfare, dealing with the classical period of artillery fortification. The author explains the significance of the two men widely acknowledged as the masters of military engineering, Sebastien de Vauban and Menno van Coehoorn, and also acknowledges several historical figures often neglected by scholars. Duffy puts the practice of siegework in the context of military history in general, explaining the shift in importance of fortresses during the period discussed.
PUBLICATION DATE: 1st March 1985
RUSSIA’S MILITARY WAY TO THE WEST: ORIGINS AND NATURE OF RUSSIAN MILITARY POWER, 1700-1800 – – Buy it here
This book provides an historical perspective on the growth of Russian military power, studying the emergence of the Russian regular army from 1700 until the end of the eighteenth century. In the process he evaluates the relative importance of Western and native influences on the creation of this formidable military machine, and indicates the ways in which Russian power was projected in the West.
The book includes general discussions of the Russian soldier, the Russian officer and the rapacious Cossacks, and concludes by identifying certain important continuities between the Russian past and present.
PUBLICATION DATE: January 1982
THE ARMY OF MARIA THERESA: THE ARMED FORCES OF IMPERIAL AUSTRIA, 1740-1780
PUBLISHER: David and Charles
PUBLICATION DATE: January 1977
PUBLISHER: Seeley Service
PUBLICATION DATE: January 1977
THE ARMY OF FREDERICK THE GREAT
PUBLISHER: David and Charles
PUBLICATION DATE: January 1974
RED STORM ON THE REICH: THE SOVIET MARCH ON GERMANY, 1945 – Buy it here
On the night of January 11, 1945, fog, low clouds, and blizzards reduced visibility at times to literally zero along the Sandomierz bridgehead. So the German troops did not notice tanks, assault guns, and towed artillery pieces moving in position by the thousands along the east bank the Russian side of the Vistula River. Within seconds after the order to fire was given by the Soviet commander, General Konev, the air became incandescent with unnatural light. A sky of fire and smoke lowered over the country across the river: Houses flared up like torches, bunkers collapsed, roads were broken up, and men were ripped apart. The ferocity of the first attack shook the Germans so badly that they thought they were dealing with the main assault, and not just a reconnaissance in force. So they were completely unprepared for the principal attack and the horrors it held. Thus began the Red Storm on the Reich the largest, costliest, and fastest moving military operation in European history. “Essentially, the Second World War was won and lost on the Eastern Front,” writes renowned historian Christopher Duffy. Until this book, however, the most dramatic events surrounding this part of the war have been little understood. Utilizing a wealth of recently released Soviet materials from Moscow archives, and cross-referencing these with German accounts, Duffy has uncovered a military campaign of unprecedented scale and intensity during which thirty million lives were lost. Red Storm on the Reich brings to life not only the Russian military assault on Germany, but also the human drama behind the epic sieges of Danzig, Kolberg, and Breslau. Duffy’s gripping narrative is essential reading for all those interested in modern European history.
PUBLICATION DATE: November 1991
EAGLES OVER THE ALPS: SUVOROV IN ITALY AND SWITZERLAND, 1799- Buy it here
Suvorov is an authoritative study of the Russian general who having beaten the French in Italy in the late 18th century was later dismissed from command when his Austrian troops were defeated at Zurich during the Napoleonic wars.’
PUBLISHER: Emperor’s Press
PUBLICATION DATE: January 1999
THE MILITARY EXPERIENCE IN THE AGE OF REASON — Buy it here
PUBLICATION DATE: June 1998
FIRE AND STONE: THE SCIENCE OF FORTRESS WARFARE, 1660-1860
PUBLISHER: Greenhill Books
PUBLICATION DATE: September 1996
THROUGH GERMAN EYES: THE BRITISH AND THE SOMME 1916
The first analysis of the archetypal Great War battle from the German perspective, by one of the world`s most distinguished military historians.
The Battle of the Somme has an enduring legacy, the image established by Alan Clark of ‘lions led by donkeys’: brave British soldiers sent to their deaths by incompetent generals. However, from the German point of view the battle was a disaster. Their own casualties were horrendous. The Germans did not hold the (modern) view that the British Army was useless. As Christopher Duffy reveals, they had great respect for the British forces and German reports shed a fascinating light on the volunteer army recruited by General Kitchener. The German view of the British Army has never been made public until now. Their typially diligent reports have lain undisturbed in obscure archives until unearthed by Christopher Duffy. The picture that emerges is a far cry from ‘Blackadder’: the Germans developed an increasing respect for the professionalism of the British Army. And the fact that every British soldier taken prisoner still believed Britain would win the war gave German intelligence teams their first indication that their Empire would go down to defeat.
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2006
BORODINO — Buy it here.